Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullah
Dear respected scholars of Shariah Board,
I would like to ask a question about the Eid Prayer (Eid Namaz). To my understanding, the Eid Prayer is considered Sunnat Al Muakadah by all Schools of Jurisprudence in Islam with the exception of Hanafi. Therefore, for Hanbali, Maliki, and Shafa'ii followers, not only can they pray the Salat ul Eid at home if the Eid Gah is not reachable or if the Jama'ah is missed, they may even do so individually instead of with Jama'ah.
In connection with this, my question as three parts, as follows:
1. Does the Hanafi school of thought, considering that Salat ul Eid has the weight of a Waajib Salat, make it a binding pre-condition to pray the Eid prayer in Eid Gah, with the wider community as a congregation, for it to be VALID in the Hanafi Maslak? Meaning that if the condition is not fulfilled, observing Eid Namaz would be invalid and futile, the same as if a person intended to pray Zuhr on a normal day but without making Wudu or facing the Qiblah.
2. If the answer to 1. above is in the affirmative, is the implication that Hanafi followers may NOT pray Salat al Eid at home? This is with the assumption that all Masaajid are still closed on the Day of Eid, thus Eid Gah would not be accessible.
3. If both 1. and 2. above are answered in the affirmative, is it recommendable that each person or each family within their home do an alternative 'Ibaadah to commemorate the Eid day? E.g. praying 2 Raka'ah Nafl and making Du'aa
Jazak Allah Khairan for your consideration.
الجواب وباللہ التوفیق
واما الخطبۃ فلیست بشرط لانہا تودی بعد الصلاۃ وشرط الشیء یکون سابقا علیہ او مقارنا لہ ،والدلیل علی انہا تودیٰ بعد الصلاۃ ما روی عن ابن عمر صلیت خلف رسول اللہ وخلف ابی بکر و عمر وکانوا یبدون بالصلاۃ قبل الخطبۃ ،۔۔۔(بدائع :۱/ ۶۱۶
ویشترط للعید ما یشترط للجمعۃ الا الخطبۃ فانہا سنۃ بعد الصلاۃ وتجوز الصلاۃ بدونہا (ہندیہ : ۱/ ۱۵۰
فقط واللہ اعلم بالصواب