Wednesday | 21 October 2020 | 4 Rabiul-Awal 1442
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Fatwa Answer

Question ID: 1094 Category: Worship
Number of Takbir in Eid Salah

Asak Brothers and Sisters

I have a question regarding the number of takbir to pray in eid ul fitr and eid ul adha salah. In the past I have always prayed and was taught to pray eid salah with 6 takbir. However recently it has come to my attention that Prophet Mohammed PBUH had possibly prayed 12 takbir. 7 in first rakah and 5 in second. I did some research on my own and found the hadith in the book "Prayer according to Sunnah" by Darrusalaam as well as a video by Dr. Zakir Naik who also quoted the same hadith. Video link: https://youtu.be/ElVT3Oz1UwA. In both hadith the following is the citation: "Abu Dau'd, As Salat, Chapter: Takbir in the two Eid prayers, Hadith: 1151.

If any clarification can be provided that would be appreciated and if it's true that the Prophet PBUH read 6 takbir as well, please provide hadith for reference  

Jazakallah Khair

 

الجواب وباللہ التوفیق

According to the Hanafi scholars, there are six additional takbeerat. In the first rakaat, after the takbeer-e- tahreemah there are three additional takbeerat, and in the second rakaat, there are three takbeerat in addition to the one of rukoua.

This is reported by Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Masoud (RA), Hazrat Abu Musa Ash’ary (RA), Hazrat Huzaifa Bin Yaman (RA), Abdullah Bin Qais (RA), Hazrat Hasan Basri (RA), Hazrat Saeed Ibn Mussayyab (RA), and others.

(مصنف ابن ابی شیبۃ : ۴؍۲۱۳-۲۲۹ ا)

Ahnaf’s evidence is given below:

عن القاسمصَلّٰی بِنَا النَّبِیُّﷺیَومَ عِیدٍ فَکَبَّرَ أربَعًا وَ أربَعاً ثُمَّ اَقبَلَ عَلَینَا بَوِجھِہٖ حِینَ انصَرَفَ فَقَالَ: لَا تَنسَوا کَتَکبِیرِ الجَنَائزِ وَ أشَارَ بِأصَابِعِہٖ، وَقَبَضَ إبھَامَہٗ“(رواہ الإمام الطحاوي ۴؍ ۳۴۵، إعلاء السنن ۸؍۱۲۸) ”هُوَ يُكَبِّرُ تَكْبِيرَةً , وَيَفْتَتِحُ بِهَا الصَّلَاةَ ثُمَّ يُكَبِّرُ بَعْدَهَا ثَلَاثًا , ثُمَّ يَقْرَأُ ثُمَّ يُكَبِّرُ تَكْبِيرَةً يَرْكَعُ بِهَا , ثُمَّ يَسْجُدُ , ثُمَّ يَقُومُ فَيَقْرَأُ , ثُمَّ يُكَبِّرُ ثَلَاثًا , ثُمَّ يُكَبِّرُ تَكْبِيرَةً , يَرْكَعُ بِهَا“(شرح معانی الآثار:۷۲۸۴۔المعجم الکبیر للطبراني: ۹۵۱۳، مجمع الزوائد ۲؍۲۰۴)وقد روي عن غیر واحد من الصحابۃ نحو ھٰذا وھٰذا أثر صحیح۔(مرقاۃ: ؍۲۵۴-۲۵۵)