Friday | 01 December 2023 | 17 Jamadiul-Awal 1445
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Fatwa Answer

Question ID: 1317 Category: Zabiha and Hunting
Halal Label Meat in Airlines run by Muslim Countries

Assalamu Alaikum Mufti saheb.

Many Airlines like Saudia, Qatar airlines etc run by Muslim countries claim that they serve halal meat which is certified.The air hostesses ar mostly non muslim and cannot answer regarding Zabiha halal, rather they just say it is halal for sure. Many of these airlines also serve alcohol. Do you have any knowledge regarding their verification of halal whether they can be trusted or not?

JajakAllah khair.

بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم


Although we do not have any evidence in this matter, there is however Shariah guidance for such issues:

a. It is permissible to consume meat which is indisputably Halal.

b. It is not permissible to use meat which is confirmed to be Haraam.

c. If there is any doubt as to whether the meat is halal or haraam, then the ruling is that it should be investigated first.  If a reputable person reports that the animal was in fact slaughtered in a shar'i manner, hist statement can be trusted and in that case its use is correct. However if such a credible informant is not present, then the decision should be made through probability. Meaning that if the flight originated from a Muslim country, the prevailing opinion is that the meat will be halal, its use will be correct. But if the flight has originated from a non-Muslim country or the meat was imported from a non-Muslim country into a Muslim country, then the presumption is that it is haram.

The basic principle regarding meat is that it is considered Haraam, unless there is assurance or a guarantee that the meat is Halal. In doubtful circumstances, it is safer to arrange for vegetarian meals.

Since there is a lot of carelessness and lack of honesty in this regard among the people nowadays, therefore it is important to conduct necessary research to ensure that the offered meal is Halal.

قال اللہ تعالیٰ:فَكُلُوا مِمَّا ذُكِرَ اسْمُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ بِآيَاتِهِ مُؤْمِنِينَ(الانعام:۱۱۸)۔(فقہی مقالات:۴؍۲۲۳؍۳۱۶)

عن أبي الحوراء السعدي قال: قلت للحسن بن علي: ما حفظت من رسول اﷲ صلی اﷲ علیہ وسلم؟ قال: حفظت منہ: دع ما یریبک إلی ما لا یریبک۔ (سنن النسائي، الحث علی ترک الشبہات، رقم: ۵۷۱۱)

ومن أرسل أجیراً لہ مجوسیًا، أو خادمًا، فاشتری لحما، فقال اشتریتہ من یہوديّ، أونصراني، أو مسلم وسعہ أکلہ؛ لأن قول الکافر مقبول في المعاملات؛ لأنہ خبر صحیح لصدورہ عن عقل ودین یعتقد فیہ حرمۃ الکذب، ولحاجۃ ماسۃ إلی قبولہ لکثرۃ وقو ع المعاملات۔ (ہدایۃ، کتاب الکراہیۃ، اشرفي دیوبند ۴/۴۵۳)

فقط واللہ اعلم بالصواب