Thursday | 02 February 2023 | 11 Rajab 1444
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Question ID: 1575 Category: Fasting
Qaza Roza

Assalamu alaikum,

I have question about Qaza roza for Ramzan. I planned on keeping a Qaza roza for one of my previously missed Ramzan fasts. Fajr here is at 6.05am and I woke up at 5.35am but I then went back to sleep with the intention of keeping Qaza roza if I wake up before Fajr time/Sehri time (this is what I remember but not completely sure). 

However I woke up at 6.35am. I heard from another Mufti that for Qaza roza, if one changes his intention of fasting before Suhoor, the fast is not considered valid as the neeyat was not made to fast whole heartedly. I am not completely sure if I made neeyat of fasting even if I went to sleep at 5.35am.

So my question is: Should I have still carried on the day as if I was fasting? Also, what should one do if it was supposed to be a qaza roza (assuming you said yes to my previous question) but one eats/drinks as if there is no fast. Should I just keep a Qaza for the broken Qaza or do I need to make kaffarah for this broken Qaza roza?

Please advice for the sake of Allah.

Jazakallah khair.

بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم

الجواب وباللہ التوفیق

It is necessary to make the intention of “Qadha Roza” before dawn. Because you are in doubt about your intention, therefore, your intention will be considered null and void as no intention.

That is why you were not required to observe fast that day, according to Shari’ah. Hence eating and drinking that day was just right for you, so you don't have to worry about that.

الضرب الثاني ما ثبت في الذمۃ کقضاء شہر رمضان وصوم الکفارۃ فلا یجوز إلا بنیۃ من اللیل۔ (ہدایۃ، کتاب الصوم، ۱/۲۱۳)

والقضاء والنذر المطلق والکفارات لا تصح إلا بنیۃ معینۃ من اللیل۔ (ملتقي الأبحر مع مجمع الأنہر، کتاب الصوم، ۱/۳۴۵-۳۴۶)


فقط واللہ اعلم واتم

Question ID: 1575 Category: Fasting