Friday | 18 September 2020 | 30 Muharram 1442
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Fatwa Answer

Question ID: 918 Category: Beliefs
Considering Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique RaziAllah Ta‘ala Anhu as Apostate

As Salaamu Alaykum wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakaatuh 

There is an individual in the UK who grew up in a Sunni Muslim household, and attended local madrasa, and became Hafiz of Qur’an. Later, he went to University, and his aqeedah regarding Abu Bakr (RA) changed. He claims he believes in everything of Islam except he believes Abu Bakr was a genuine believer, and companion during  the life of the Prophet (SAW), but after the Prophet’s (SAW) demise, he become an apostate/murtad (astagfirullah), and subsequently did not die as a Sahabi, rather he died upon kufr.

So my questions are as follows:

  1. In light of the Arabic texts from reliable sources, is the above person a Muslim, or has this element of his belief taken him out of the fold of Islam?
  2. Is his nikah with his wife broken?
  3. Will his Muslim children receive inheritance from him?
  4. If he dies on this stance should we offer him salatul janaza?

A local Mufti claims that “the aforementioned individual is still a Muslim, because saying Abu Bakr (RA) died on kufr” doesn’t make him a kafir.

  1. What is the ruling on such a Mufti? Is he on the creed of Ahlus Sunnah or is he deviated?
  2. Although, he does not do takfir on siddique akbhar himself, does his insistence on declaring the above university student (in the scenario above) a Muslim effect his own Imaan in anyway?
  3. Is it permissible to offer salah behind such a Mufti? 

Hazrat, please answer each question accordingly, and in full. iI it permissible I can share your answer to the confused invidiously, and to other people it might benefit?

Jazak’Allah!

الجواب وبالله التوفيق

A person who denounces the companionship of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique RaziAllah Ta‘ala Anhu(i.e. rejects his stature of being a companion) and believes that he died as a nonbeliever and as an apostate (Nauzubillah), such a person is considered as out of the fold of Islam, therefore keeping the dealings with them as a Muslims is considered impermissible.

The person who considered the above individual as a Muslim is unaware of the teachings and rulings of the Islamic Shari‘ah and should fix his knowledge and repent from Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta‘ala.

نعم لا شک فی تکفیر من قذف السیدۃ عائشہ رضی اللہ تعالی عنھا او انکر صحبۃ الصدیق (رد المحتار علی الدر المختار، ص 237، ج4

واللہ اعلم بالصواب